Terrific Guidance On Getting Appropriate Nutrition

It is important to get the proper amount of nutrition every day. With http://flaresecond38graig.tribunablog.com/hugely-popular-skin-care-retail-company-method-in-a-competitive-environment-1658759 , you can plan meals that contain tons of minerals and nutrients for every meal. Use the information in this article to help you develop proper nutrition.

Thiamin is an important part of a healthy diet. Thiamin works in the body to help you use energy from carbohydrates effectively. It also helps to regulate your appetite. Muscle function, heart and nervous system are all assisted by this vitamin. Thiamin is found in many foods in small amounts, but you won't find it in refined foods.

Eat more fish for your health and for your brain. Fish are high in DHA which has been shown to improve your memory, vocabulary and prowess in nonverbal tasks. DHA may also reduce the risk of Alzheimer's. Fish is also a great source of protein and the Omega-3 fatty acids may be beneficial to your heart health.

Incorporate a variety of vegetables into your diet and keep yourself from a nutritional rut. Many people only eat a handful of vegetables and lose interest in eating them. There are a wide variety of vegetables with different nutritional values. Keeping a wide assortment of them in your diet is not only healthy, but makes eating more enjoyable.

Arrange your schedule so you can get seven to eight hours of sleep a night. Adequate sleep prevents you from confusing tiredness with hunger. The sleep also gives your body the opportunity to repair itself. Getting enough sleep means you will remain calmer in times of anxiety, which helps you cut down on eating in stressful situations.

Eat a healthy mix of different foods in your diet. If you are trying to bulk up or lose weight, you might be focusing on certain foods to complement your workout routine, but don't forget to eat in a healthy way that incorporates foods from all food groups. This will help keep your body full of the nutrients you need to function.

Eat a Mediterranean-style diet to help prevent heart disease. This includes lots of healthy fats like olive oil, vegetables, whole grains, beans and seafood. Eating these foods keep your weight and blood pressure down, while supplying your body with fiber and other nutrients it needs to be healthy.

Many dieticians recommend replacing red meats in your diet with fish. If you had tried fish once or twice in the past but really don't see it as something that you could ever eat on a daily basis, remember that there are dozens of different types of fish. Whether you opt for mackerel, mullet, snapper, sardines, or flounder, each kind has its own distinctive flavor and texture. Just because Read A lot more did not like or two kinds does not mean you will not like any of them.

Describe tastes and feels to your kids to get them to eat different foods. This can help you child to become intererested in the food, possibly enough to give it a taste.

A great nutrition tip is to always look very carefully at nutrition labels. A label might claim to be low in fat, but adversely it might be high in sugar. Being able to see the big picture when it comes to looking at nutrition labels is very important.

Instead of eating potato chips as a snack at the end of the night, go into the fridge and peel several apple slices. Apple slices are a very nutritious and tasty snack that you can substitute; with a fraction of the calories that you will get from eating potato chips.

If you have a history of sleep problems, you might be able to improve your sleep by eating healthier. Foods can have a bearing on whether you will be feeling relaxed or have a sudden uptake in energy levels. Eat your dinner a few hours before you go to sleep.




The 5 Best Collagen Supplements You Can Trust


The 5 Best Collagen Supplements You Can Trust Collagen supplements have flooded shelves of grocery and health-food stores—and if you’ve been confused by which to try and trust, you’re not alone. Even if you have Superman vision that can see through clever marketing and convincing promises, the sheer amount of collagen products out there can muddy your normally astute and discriminating decision-making. We did the due diligence to provide you peace of mind and separate the truly good from the copycats.


One of the healthiest foods that you can consume during the day is tomatoes, in natural form. Tomatoes are very beneficial in that they contain a high vitamin C and A content, which will restore the energy necessary to perform tasks at work or school. This can put you in a great mood and lead to clear, fresh skin.

When you are really craving something salty, many types of nuts have very high nutritional value, but you have to keep in mind that they also have very high calories. If you take a few pistachios or walnuts and put them on a plate with some low calorie cheese you will have a great satisfying snack.

Although eating is click the up coming article of being a human it is important that you try to change this in your mind somewhat. Of course special occasions can be the exception, but in your day to day life you should see food as fuel and not as entertainment or comfort.

Clear your kitchen of junk foods and sugary drinks, like soda, chips and candy. Try eating healthy snacks like vegetables and whole grain snacks instead.


To work more green vegetables into your diet, try unique approaches to preparing them. If your family is tired of steamed broccoli, try roasting it with olive oil and sea salt, then serving it with a squeeze of lemon and some grated Parmesan. Leafy, nutritious kale makes a great snack when cooked in the oven, becoming a crispy, addictive alternative to chips.

So as you can see, nutrition doesn't have to be mysterious or complicated. Frequently, nutrition can be improved by following a few regular tips consistently and sticking with them. If you follow the ideas suggested in this article, you will find your nutritional health improves, from this point forward.

Terrific Tips For Weight Loss And Keeping It Off!

Maintaining your physical fitness as you age is important to living a long healthy life. As your body ages, your bones become weaker, making them more vulnerable to breaks. Keeping fit helps to keep your bones strong, and your body can recover from injuries more quickly. This article will give you some great ideas for maintaining your fitness into your golden years.

If you're working on your overall fitness with running and are looking to increase your stamina, pick up the speed. If you avoid lengthening your stride and rely instead on taking quicker short steps, your body will acclimate to harder training quicker. You'll be prepared for your next marathon in no time!




Do Collagen Pills Actually Work? What the Science Says - Reader's Digest


Do Collagen Pills Actually Work? What the Science Says - Reader's Digest Look-Studio/ShutterstockOne of the most abundant proteins in the body, collagen, makes up a large part of our skin, hair, and nails, so it's no wonder the word is big in the beauty world. Collagen is a polypeptide, containing a mixture of amino acids like proline and glycine that are present in all connective tissue, cartilage, bone, and skin. "Your body needs collagen, but you actually make it on your own, so most of us don't actually need to be adding collagen powder to your foods or taking it as a supplement," says Nicole Osinga, RD. So is all the excitement surrounding collagen misconstrued? Yes and no. Let's get to the bottom of it.


If your goal is to become more physically fit, but don't know where to start, try meeting with a personal trainer. Good trainers know how to get you started on activities you will enjoy, how to keep you motivated, and get you to the next fitness level, injury free.

Having trouble keeping up with your exercise? If you only train in a gym, that might be part of the reason why. Try some outdoor exercising so that you can enjoy fresh air and nature. This will invigorate your workout routine and breath new life into your commitment to fitness.

A great way to get fit is to consult with a professional bodybuilder. A lot of bodybuilders have their own web sites where they offer a service that gives you the opportunity to pay to have your own consultation with them. You can get their experienced advice on your diet and workout routine.

You should always work out with a partner. This is because they will give you motivation to actually go to the gym regularly. It is also important to bring them because they will spot you on things like a bench press so you do not end up hurting yourself.

Using free weights is a time tested method of improving fitness. Weight can be adjusted to the individual's needs, for maximum workout effectiveness. Although they can be dangerous to someone using them by themselves, they have been proven to work. As long as you are using the proper technique, you can improve your fitness with free weights.

When you are working out, keep your weight training time to under sixty minutes. After an hour of weight training, your body will start to produce more cortisol, which is the stress hormone that can block the testosterone needed to build muscles. This will waste the muscles instead of build them.

You can build up your physical strength through the use of lighter weights. Your muscles will have just as much force as when you lift heavier weights, except you will be going much slower. These are especially great for bench-presses. Go with about 40-60% of what you usually lift and do 8 sets of 12 repetitions pushing the weight up quickly. Have a 30 second rest period between sets.

Choose your exercises and lifting programs carefully, if you are aiming at weight-loss as your ultimate goal. Certain weight-training regimens are designed to add muscle bulk to your frame or increase power-lifting and short-twitch muscles. These exercises may actually increase your weight. To lose unwanted fat and pounds, choose exercises that build lean muscle and tone your body. Perform higher numbers of repetitions at lower weight in order to build this kind of muscle.

Whenever your fitness routine calls for an exercise with plenty of reps, count backwards instead of forwards. By counting down from your target to zero you focus your attention on your goal. Counting up from one is not as motivational, because it encourages you to focus on how much you have done and how tired you are getting.

Be sure that you are getting enough protein in your diet. Protein is crucial to the development of your body and the growth of your cells. It is the energy source that keeps you going throughout the day. hydrolyzed collagen india is available from both animal and plant sources, so it is not difficult to incorporate enough protein in your meals.

A great fitness tip is to start performing alternating dumbbell curls. Dumbbell curls can be difficult when you try to lift with both arms at the same time. By alternating https://notehub.org/ump2c for every rep, you'll be able to lift much more weight and also do more reps.

For those who have just begun exercising recently, it is important not to over do it. Because your muscles and other parts of your body are not used to the exercise, you can suffer a severe muscle injury. You can begin by power-walking, running, cycling, swimming, or lifting light weights.

Do not be afraid to add unconventional workout programs to your fitness routine. If you want to jump rope or learn to tap dance, go for it! As long as you are staying active, there is no right or wrong way to work out. If is collagen good for you instrumental can make it fun, you are more likely to continue your quest for physical fitness. So, look around and see if you can find any classes or programs that you are interested in.


Working out twice a week for twenty minutes is the minimum, entry-level exercise plan for basic health and fitness. This low goal is a good starting point for inexperienced exercisers or those just coming out of a very unhealthy lifestyle. Mild aerobic exercise or light weight training is enough to satisfy this initial fitness goal.

You can help to prevent knee injuries that can result from fitness by strengthening your hip muscles. This will help to lessen the burden on your knees, as your hips will have more control over the movement of your legs. Some simple exercises that can help to build hip muscles are lunges and bridges.

Do not worry about specific amounts of time between sets. You should try to rest as much as you need to. When your muscles are fresh, you should rest less and as you become more fatigued you should rest more. This can cut your workout time 15 to 20 percent.

After reading this article, you are now well on your way to knowing how to get fit in the most effective manner possible. With the right motivation and proper techniques, nothing should stop you from getting into shape. You are going to see results fairly soon, and they can benefit you for the rest of your life.

Amazing Information To Help You Get In Terrific Shape!

It's not always easy to find helpful, relevant or accurate fitness information online. Looking through search results and weeding out unhelpful sites can be time-consuming. Save yourself some time by starting with the proven tips promoted here.

Running is http://blogs.rediff.com/sol78theron/2017/05/25/tips-for-enhancing-your-nutrition-consumption/ for full-body fitness. If you are new to running, you will want to start out with walking for at least 30 minutes at a time, several days a week, before starting a running program. Good shoes are especially important for runners, since they will protect your feet and prevent injuries.

A great way to remain consistent with your fitness regimen is to enlist a friend or relative to exercise with you on a regular basis. Getting another individual involved in your fitness journey helps you stay accountable in terms of the goals you have set, and also sets the stage for a bit of healthy competition to see who achieves the most impressive results.




Collagen Supplements: Do They Actually Work? - Sporteluxe


Collagen Supplements: Do They Actually Work? - Sporteluxe Collagen came onto my radar after a naturopath recommended I add it to my smoothies to assist in healing my skin after hormonal, stress-related breakouts and recurrent infections had rendered it a minefield. It was red, it was bumpy, it was sore. benefits of collagen with hyaluronic acid scoured the internet for a high-quality supplement that I could incorporate into smoothies or broths as a skin-healing aid.


When working out some soreness is normal, but pain is not. Working out is often uncomfortable as you are working to increase your endurance and limits; however, it should not be outright painful. If you ever experience severe pain when working out, stop what you are doing immediately. If the pain does not subside, head to the doctor, as you may have suffered an injury.

If you're just starting to workout, train then drink a pint of protein shake or milk. According to a new study, beginners that used three sets of six exercises and drank a pint of protein immediately after training to failure, gained 5 lbs of muscle within just 8 weeks.

Here's a great way to increase your overall running speed and endurance: divide your total run into three separate periods. During the first period, keep your running speed just above your personal minimum. In the second period, increase your speed to a medium pace. When you reach the third period, increase your speed to fastest.


Periodically check for a full range of motion in your shoulders. Encourage flexibility by doing small shoulder circles and other exercises that focus on the shoulder joints and shoulder muscles. Working on your shoulders will help you perform daily activities, such as reaching and lifting heavy items, easily and comfortably.

You should make sure to put your tongue near the roof of your mouth when doing any kind of abdominal work out such as crunches. This helps to protect your neck and will work to align your spine and back so that you do not put strain on these areas.

See a physician before starting a new exercise plan, especially if you aren't used to exercising. Discuss your general health and any concerns you have about starting to exercise. If you have unknown health problems you may do inappropriate exercises, or you may overdo it and cause injuries. As your fitness level increases you can do more intense and long lasting workouts.

You should avoid trying to exercise when you are ill. If all of your symptoms are above the neck, you may still exercise if you want. If you are sick and working out, your body will be trying to heal itself. It will not be focused on building muscle and endurance. If you are sick, it is best to stop exercising until you are better.

Do dips to increase the amount of strength that you have in your triceps. Start by finding a nice bench. Then put both your hand backwards on the bench with your elbows facing up. Then dip as low as you can for as long as you can.

Stretch every chance you get. Most people will stretch before and after their workouts, but they neglect the time between the two. Do a few small stretches in between each set you perform to enhance your muscle's potential. This keeps the blood pumping into the area, and allows for longer workouts.

In order to more effectively target your back muscles, don't wrap your thumb around the bar when performing pullups. It is much better to place your thumb on top of the bar. Performing pullups in this manner will reduce the amount of involvement your arm muscles have during the exercise and force your back to work harder.

Don't forget to stretch before and after you exercise. Stretching before you start will help you warm up and avoid injury. Remembering to stretch after you exercise will keep you from feeling sore afterwards. Both a warm up and a cool down is important to avoid injury and discomfort.

Make sure that the shoes you wear for your workout actually fit well. Shoes with a proper fit will help to prevent injury and fatigue, as well as ward off nasty blisters. click the up coming website should be able to comfortably wiggle your toes, but not shift your foot back and forth inside the shoe.

When you set out what your goals are going to be, you must dedicate yourself to adhering to them. After you've figured out what you can risk and what you want to make, you cannot waiver on your mission. Your biggest regret will be wasting all your time on preparation only to mess things up by quitting early.

Set a schedule up for your fitness routine. Having a certain schedule to exercise will help you do it daily. Getting into a routine daily will make it easier to do it more often. In the beginning, you will probably have to set a schedule but with time it will become a habit.

A great tip when it comes to working out is to train to failure. Keep repeating a certain set until you cannot do it anymore. This will get your muscles used to the type or work out you are doing and the next time you do it you will be able to do more and more.

It is often wondered by those who are looking to use yoga as a fitness routine whether or not it will provide muscle strength and not just flexibility. The answer is that it indeed does provide muscle strength but in a way that weight training on machines does not and it is in the way that you are using your own body weight to train the muscles, particularly the support muscles and especially when you are struggling to maintain balance in a pose. Holding a pose for longer than you have previously done will provide even more strength.

Creating and staying with a healthy fitness regime is an important part of any wellness plan. Sometimes a person struggles with just getting started though. In this article, we have discussed some of the top tips to help you kick start your fitness plan. Use them well and start exercising today.

Fitness Solutions For The Beginners And The Pros

Fitness can be a very enjoyable and fulfilling activity that anyone can enjoy. However, for a beginner, that piece of equipment or that exercise can be a very intimidating to figure out. So, what should a novice do to learn how to use it properly? Well, read the tips below, of course!

When you exercise, try exercising with other people. The group dynamic has been shown to grant greater endurance and more energy to the individuals in the group. In effect, you will find yourself working harder and exercising more regularly when others are involved. It is also harder to skip workouts when others know that you are supposed to be exercising.

Fitness relies heavily on physical activity in the form of exercise. You should exercise once a day for at least 30 minutes. If you initial can't exercise for 30 minutes, try starting with 5 minutes, then slowly work your way up to 30 each day. Once you reach 30 days, try doing more strenuous activity or exercise for a longer time period.

Set realistic fitness goals by considering the time you have available and your current level of physical fitness. By setting realistic goals you are less likely to get discouraged and give up. Goals also help you track your progress so you can adjust your goals as necessary to achieve an optimum fitness level.




Do Collagen Pills Actually Work? What the Science Says - Reader's Digest


Do Collagen Pills Actually Work? What the Science Says - Reader's Digest Look-Studio/ShutterstockOne of the most abundant proteins in the body, collagen, makes up a large part of our skin, hair, and nails, so it's no wonder the word is big in the beauty world. Collagen is a polypeptide, containing a mixture of amino acids like proline and glycine that are present in all connective tissue, cartilage, bone, and skin. "Your body needs collagen, but you actually make it on your own, so most of us don't actually need to be adding collagen powder to your foods or taking it as a supplement," says Nicole Osinga, RD. So is all the excitement surrounding collagen misconstrued? Yes and no. Let's get to the bottom of it.


Fitness relies heavily on physical activity in the form of exercise. You should exercise once a day for at least 30 minutes. If you initial can't exercise for 30 minutes, try starting with 5 minutes, then slowly work your way up to 30 each day. Once you reach 30 days, try doing more strenuous activity or exercise for a longer time period.

When starting a new fitness plan, especially if you have not worked out in a while or are seriously out of shape, do not rush it. 'All or nothing' is not the way to go when it comes to getting into shape. Start slowly, and work your way up to more intense workouts.

Don't underestimate the power of the television or music players. Allowing yourself to get lost in a juicy subplot or high-energy dance mix allows you to continue to workout without allowing the physical exertion to overwhelm you or put you in a negative state of mind. Better yet, schedule your gym trips during your favorite sitcom. Your thoughts will be glued to the screen, even if your feet are glued to the elliptical machine.

If you want to improve your balance, follow these steps. First, stand with one leg on a sofa cushion. Then, move a medicine ball around your body. Once you've become an expert at this move, try it with your eyes shut. This will improve your balance, coordination, and body control.

benefits of collagen intake is important that you follow a routine when training for a marathon. This way you are properly prepared for the run. In the beginning third of the race, run at at a slow pace. Toward the middle of the race, run at a normal pace. When you have reached the last third of the race, run at a fast pace.

Do not be deterred by the rain if you're walking or jogging to get some exercise. Unless we're talking about some serious torrential downpours out there, a little drizzle never hurt anyone. In fact, as it's falling, the rain will clean the air and allow you to take in more pure oxygen and thus increase your fat-burning efforts.

When you reach the age of forty, it's important to start holding your stretches longer. At this age, your muscles begin to lose pliability. They need extra time in the stretch to get the same effect. A good rule of thumb is to hold stretches for half a minute, if you are under forty and for a full minute, if you are over forty.

Improve your running by learning to breath properly. To breathe properly when running, lift your tummy as you inhale. Doing this causes your lungs to fully inflate with oxygen so that you can run for a longer period of time. You can practice by laying on the floor with a book on your tummy. https://www.kiwibox.com/fermin46gayle/blog/entry/140946933/need-to-consume-better-attempt-these-nutrition-tips/?pPage=0 should rise as you inhale.

Be sure that you are getting enough protein in your diet. Protein is crucial to the development of your body and the growth of your cells. It is the energy source that keeps you going throughout the day. Protein is available from both animal and plant sources, so it is not difficult to incorporate enough protein in your meals.

click the up coming site agree on how important exercise is to staying healthy. Even if you think you're too busy, you should dedicate a little bit of time every week to fitness. If you follow these tips, you can achieve a great workout in a short time to fit your busy schedule, and still maintain a healthy lifestyle.

Diet Plan And Health: Exactly What You Need To Learn About Nutrition

The right nutrition can be confusing these days. We think about what we are eating and if it will make us lose or gain weight. Proper nutrition isn't always thought of. To better your daily nutrition, you should read some nutrition tips that have new information in them.

Go ahead and eat some chips or candy. A diet built around depriving yourself of the things you love, will never last. If you love chocolate or chips or a steak, go ahead and indulge yourself. The key to a splurge is moderation. If you let yourself have a small treat every once in a while, you will be much more likely to stay on track, the rest of the time.

Riboflavin is necessary for a healthy diet. It is required by our body to help release energy from protein, carbohydrates and fats in our diet. Riboflavin boosts metabolism and processes iron. Whole grain products and dairy products have a high Riboflavin content.

MSG is added to many processed foods to enhance taste. But MSG adds no nutritional value and it has been found to have many negative effects, including depression and headaches. informative post are more sensitive than others, but you should avoid MSG even if you are not hypersensitive. It may have long-term, cumulative effects.

Make sure to eat the proper amount of fruits and vegetables a day. If you don't like eating them whole, try different ways to eat them. For example, spinach can be eaten as dry leaves, in an omelet, in lasagna and many other meals. Try eating these healthy foods in a different way and you may find you eat more of them.

To improve your nutrition, you should keep track of what you eat. All food contains a certain number of calories that you should add up, to make sure you meet the amount of calories that you need everyday. Counting calories also helps you to reduce the quantity of food that you eat, if you tend to overeat.

When trying to add the nutrition of grains to your diet, be sure to read package labels carefully. Products that claim to contain nutritious grains may not be providing the whole grain that is essential for good nutrition. Look for the words "whole grain" on the label to make sure you are making the most nutritious choice for your body.

When considering nutrition for your child, be sure to not deprive them of sweets or other dessert type foods. It is important that this be included as part of the meal, so that dessert is seen as a normal food, not something that should be desired more than the meal itself. Be sure to work in as many healthy desserts as possible.

Kids love veggie kabobs, and they are a healthy and convenient way to liven up a cookout! Even adults appreciate the color and taste of a skewer full of fresh or frozen vegetables that has been roasted on the grill. Make sure you keep things interesting with a variety of colors and textures.

A good nutritional tip is to purchase a cup measure. It can be easy to overeat without using a cup measure to measure the amount of food we're eating. For example, a portion of pasta can be difficult to judge by eye, and a cup measure would accurately measure the right amount

A great nutrition tip is to switch from eating white rice to brown rice. White rice is high glycemic which means it won't burn as long and will be likely stored as fat. Brown rice is a lot healthier and can make a big difference when you add it to your diet.

You should allow yourself to have and indulgence every once in a while even if you are on a diet. This will stop you from spontaneously cheating on your diet. Schedule a day where you can eat something you have been craving, but make sure to be careful with the portion sizes.

Even if you have been to the restaurant a million times before, don't just sit down and order your usual dish. Many restaurants have started to make the effort to highlight healthier choices and meal options on the lighter side of their menu. Scrutinize the menu at your favorite eatery and look for special sections for healthier dining options or special symbols that indicate a low-fat, low-sodium, or heart-healthy option.


For a non-alcohol version of mulled wine, try mulled Concord grape juice. Use the same spices you would use for mulled wine, and add honey for extra sweetness if you desire. Keeping a pot of this delicious, nourishing drink warming on your stove through the winter to enjoy frequently, will help you stay healthy thanks to the beneficial spices and the vitamins provided by the grape juice.

Grow your own produce. You don't need much space to begin with, just a couple of pots on a deck, or a small area of your garden. This will provide you with fresh, flavorful additions to your meals. Beginners should start with peppers, tomatoes and herbs. Not only will you be eating the freshest produce possible, you will have the satisfaction of knowing that you grew it yourself.

Don't remove fat entirely from your diet. Some fats are good for your body and allow you to have soft, supple skin. They combat inflammation and keep hormones in check, things that affect your skin's health. Nut and fish oil come in supplement form and can provide very healthy forms of fat.

Nutritious meat means lean meat. Lean meat is extremely important in any meat eating home. Removing as much of the fat as possible will reduce your intake greatly. Speak to your butcher about the leanest cuts available. Ask for a high lean content on ground products also; perhaps even choosing your own cuts and asking to have it ground fresh.

A weekly trip to your local farmer's market can be a great thing for your nutrition plan. At http://www.purevolume.com/clay283ceola/posts/15540646/How+To+Create+A+Household+Fitness+Night are likely to find an assortment of produce that is healthier, and often cheaper, than what you'll find in a store. You will also find lots of healthy treats like honey, jam and different kinds of sauces.




What Are the Benefits of Collagen Powder and Supplements? - Time


What Are the Benefits of Collagen Powder and Supplements? - Time “Collagen is basically the sale of amino acids,” says Dr. Mark Moyad, director of preventative and alternative medicine at the University of Michigan, and author of The Supplement Handbook. Amino acids are protein’s building blocks, and supplements and foods that have collagen contain chains of collagen-derived protein amino acids—or sometimes just the amino acids themselves, separated from their bonds, Moyad says. There are different types of collagen; some are derived from animal bones or skin, and others from animal cartilage.


Do you know how to begin your own nutrition plan now? Can you now find a place to begin with it? Do you know what will work for and with you? If hydrolyzed collagen osteoarthritis can now provide an answer to these questions, then you have read and understood the previous tips and are ready to make better nutritional choices.

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15